Excellency in Romania

1885

Victor Babes, a Romanian physician, co-authored the world’s first treatise on bacteriology and was one of the founders of the serum therapy (serotherapy)

Source: https://romania.ici.ro/en/stiinta/pagina.php?id=3

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Babes was among the scientists who created modern microbiology. He worked out the first treatise on bacteriology in the world. ("Bacteria and their role in the anatomy and pathological histology of contagious diseases", co-written with French scientist A. V. Cornil, 1885). He made essential, worldwide known investigations on rabies, leprosy, diphtheria, tuberculosis etc.

He also identified in the cells of the brain of animals sick with rabies, the Babes-Negri diagnostics-relevant corpuscles. He discovered more than 50 new germs (the pseudobacillus of glanders, the germs in the paratyphoid group etc. ) and initiated serotherapy. His important researches on the microbial antagonisms took him to being one of the first in promoting modern ideas on antibiotics.

Babes's activity was highly influential in the progress of veterinary science. He succeeded to reorientate it in keeping close to the objectives of the preventive medicine. It was Babes who first used anti-rabic vaccination in Romania, to even improve it through combining it, in hopeless cases, with serotherapy. He developed the first rationalized model of a thermostat. He also proposed tinting methods for bacteria and mushrooms in cultures and histologicals etc. He was highly preoccupied with solving the problems in the preventive medicine (water supply in towns and villages, scientific organisation of the antiepidemic campaigns etc. ).

 

Babes, who loved people, took pains to put science in their service and improve life quality. For this, he showed perseverance in investigating the origins of mass spread diseases (pellagra, tuberculosis etc.), and in revealing the social roots of such diseases.                    *photo source: Jurnalul National

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1974

Famous Romanian cell biologist and physiologist receives Nobel Prize

Source: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1974/palade-facts.html

George Emil Palade was a famous Romanian cell biologist and physiologist whose work laid the foundations for modern cell biology. He won the 1974 Nobel Prize “for discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell”. He was a professor at the Rockefeller and Yale universities and founding member of the American Society for Cell Biology.

1994

Romanian-born physicist receives the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2014 for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy

Source: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2014/hell-facts.html

In 1994, Stefan W. Hell developed a method in which one light pulse causes fluorescent molecules to glow, while another causes all molecules except those in a very narrow area to become dark. An image is created by sweeping light along the sample. This makes it possible to track processes occurring inside living cells.

1994

Ana Aslan, founder of the world’s first geriatrics institute

By Alexandra Fodor | Sep. 2010

Source:  http://www.romania-insider.com/famous-romanians-ana-aslan-founder-of-the-worlds-first-geriatrics-institute/10060/

ana-aslanAna Aslan was a famous Romanian scientist, who has founded the world’s first Institute of Geriatrics. She discovered the first anti-aging remedy, called Gerovital, that has been used in more than 70 countries around the world.

In 1952, she developed the H3 vitamin, also known as Gerovital, a pharmaceutical product for the treatment of the aging process and some of diseases affecting elders. The same year she founded the world’s first Institute of Geriatrics, which later became the National Geriatrics and Gerontology Institute.

In 1956, she presented her invention at the European Gerontology Congress at Karlsruhe and at the European Gerontology Congress at Basel, but it was received with skepticism. During the following years, thousands of people tested the product and the results were positive, indicating that the aging process had been slowed down by 40%.

In 1980, she invented a new product called Aslavital that was used for prophylactic treatments of cerebral and cardiovascular aging processes, physical and mental asthenia or memory losses. Among the famous people who used Aslan’s Gerovital treatments were Mao Zedong, Charles de Gaulle, Salvador Dali, Sir Winston Churchill, Charlie Chaplin, Marlene Dietrich, Greta Garbo, Konrad Adenauer, John F. Kennedy and the Romanian presidential couple Elena and Nicolae Ceausescu.

*photo source: www.ana-aslan.ro

She also developed the Anti-Aging Cosmetics Lines. The original recipe for the preparation of the cosmetics is still respected today, by Farmec (Romanian Company) that received the rights to produce the Gerovital Cosmetics.

Ana Aslan was a member of The Science Academy of New York, of the World Union of Prophylactic and Hygiene Medicine, honorary member of European Center for Medical Research, president of International Association of Gerontology, and president of Romanian Society of Gerontology.

She received many awards and distinctions such as Commander of the Order “Meritor Della Republica” (1969), Commemorative Gold Medal, Cross of Merit (1971), Cavalier de la Nouvelle Europe, Prize Oscar (1973), Knight of the Order “Les palmes Academiques” (1974), Commander of the Order “De Orange Nassau” (1975), L’Ordre du Merite (1976), Dag Hamarskjoeld International Prize (1977), Dama di Collare Del Santo Graal (1978), Honor Foreign Citizen and Honorary Professor of Sciences, Manila, Philippines (1978), Officer of the Order “Merito Della Republica Italiana” (1979) and “Leonard Bernand” International Prize and Medal (1982).

Ana Aslan died in 1988 in Bucharest. In 2001, the Ana Aslan International Foundation was created and in 2008, the Clinic for Longevity, Healthy Aging and the Prevention of Brain Aging was founded in Bucharest.

2014

Professor Theodor Charbuliez, head of the Apimondia Commission of Apitherapy :  “Romania is a pioneer of apitherapy”

Source: http://medicalobserverph.com/romania-keeps-ancient-tradition-of-bee-medicine-alive/

by Isabelle Wesselingh. AFP News | 2014

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BUCHAREST, April 10, 2014 (AFP) – Bee venom to combat multiple sclerosis, pollen for indigestion, honey to heal wounds — the humble bee has been a key source of alternative medicines since ancient times, and Romania is working to keep the tradition of “apitherapy” alive.

The tradition goes back to ancient Greece when Hippocrates applied honey to treat wounds, and the Romans saw pollen as “life-giving”. In the past of India, China and Egypt, a resinous substance collected by bees from the buds of certain trees, known as “propolis”, was popular as an antiseptic.

“The hive is the oldest and healthiest natural pharmacy,” said Cristina Mateescu, director general of the Institute for Apicultural Research and Development in Bucharest.

“In my village, my great-grandmother was a healer and used products from beehives. She inspired me.” Dr. Mariana Stan told AFP. Having spent years as a conventional doctor, Stan now practises in Bucharest as a “apitherapist” — using bee products “which give slower but longer lasting and more profound results”.

In a country still infused with folk culture, several families continue to use propolis against sore throats, as well as honey and pollen to boost the immune system.